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What are common treatments for chronic sinusitis?

Chronic sinusitis, also known as chronic rhinosinusitis, is a condition characterized by inflammation of the sinuses lasting for at least 12 weeks. The treatment of chronic sinusitis aims to reduce inflammation, alleviate symptoms, and prevent recurrence. Common treatments for chronic sinusitis include: 1. **Nasal Corticosteroids**: These are commonly prescribed to reduce inflammation in the nasal …

Chronic sinusitis, also known as chronic rhinosinusitis, is a condition characterized by inflammation of the sinuses lasting for at least 12 weeks. The treatment of chronic sinusitis aims to reduce inflammation, alleviate symptoms, and prevent recurrence. Common treatments for chronic sinusitis include:

1. **Nasal Corticosteroids**: These are commonly prescribed to reduce inflammation in the nasal passages and sinuses. They can help alleviate symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, and facial pain. Examples of nasal corticosteroids include fluticasone (Flonase) and mometasone (Nasonex).

2. **Saline Nasal Irrigation**: This involves rinsing the nasal passages with a saline solution to help clear mucus and reduce inflammation. It can be done using a neti pot, squeeze bottle, or nasal spray.

3. **Antibiotics**: In cases where chronic sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection or if there is a secondary bacterial infection, antibiotics may be prescribed. Commonly used antibiotics include amoxicillin, doxycycline, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

4. **Decongestants**: These medications help reduce nasal congestion by constricting blood vessels in the nasal passages. They are available in oral or nasal spray forms. Prolonged use of nasal decongestant sprays should be avoided to prevent rebound congestion.

5. **Antihistamines**: If allergies are contributing to chronic sinusitis symptoms, antihistamines may be recommended to help reduce allergic reactions and relieve symptoms such as sneezing and itching.

6. **Surgery**: In cases where medical treatments are ineffective or if there are structural issues in the sinuses, surgery may be considered. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is a common procedure used to improve sinus drainage and alleviate symptoms.

7. **Immunotherapy**: For individuals with chronic sinusitis related to allergies, allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots) may be recommended to desensitize the immune system to specific allergens and reduce symptoms.

8. **Topical Nasal Steroids**: In cases where nasal corticosteroids are not effective, topical nasal steroids may be prescribed to reduce inflammation in the sinuses.

It is important for individuals with chronic sinusitis to work closely with their healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment plan based on the underlying cause of their condition and the severity of their symptoms.

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