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What is pediatric cardiology?

Table of Contents

Pediatric cardiology is a specialized branch of medicine that focuses on diagnosing and treating heart conditions in infants, children, and adolescents. It deals with a wide range of congenital and acquired heart defects, such as aortic valve stenosis, heart septal defects, pulmonary valve stenosis, aortic coarctation, tetralogy of Fallot, and transposition of great vessels (Adams, 1977). The field of pediatric cardiology has evolved over the years, with a growing emphasis on standardizing care practices and promoting high-impact research initiatives (Reddy et al., 2018). This evolution has been facilitated by advancements in diagnostic tools, such as lung ultrasound, which have improved the assessment and management of pulmonary diseases commonly encountered in pediatric cardiology (Cantinotti et al., 2022).

In recent times, there has been a notable shift towards utilizing telehealth in pediatric cardiology, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, to ensure continued care for children with heart conditions (Chowdhury et al., 2020). Additionally, the field has seen developments in mental health support for both patients and healthcare providers, recognizing the importance of addressing psychosocial aspects in the care of children and adolescents with congenital heart defects (Meentken et al., 2017; McCormick, 2023).

Furthermore, pediatric cardiology extends beyond infancy and childhood, as patients previously treated in pediatric centers transition to adult congenital heart disease centers for ongoing care (Romfh et al., 2012). This transition underscores the need for a comprehensive approach to managing heart conditions across the lifespan.

The use of innovative technologies like patient-specific 3D-printed models has also enhanced the educational value for medical professionals and improved pre-operative planning and communication in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart diseases (Sun, 2023).

In conclusion, pediatric cardiology is a dynamic field that continues to advance through standardization of care practices, adoption of telehealth, integration of mental health support, and utilization of cutting-edge technologies to improve patient outcomes and quality of care.

References #

  1. Adams, F. (1977). Overview of pediatric cardiology with a critique of congenital heart disease in the 1970’s. The American Journal of Cardiology, 39(5), 754-756. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9149(77)80141-0
  2. Cantinotti, M., Marchese, P., Giordano, R., Franchi, E., Assanta, N., Jani, V., … & Gargani, L. (2022). Overview of lung ultrasound in pediatric cardiology. Diagnostics, 12(3), 763. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12030763
  3. Chowdhury, D., Hope, K., Arthur, L., Weinberger, S., Ronai, C., Johnson, J., … & Snyder, C. (2020). Telehealth for pediatric cardiology practitioners in the time of covid-19. Pediatric Cardiology, 41(6), 1081-1091. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00246-020-02411-1
  4. McCormick, A. (2023). Abstract 16805: a mental health curriculum for pediatric cardiology fellows: increasing preparedness of pediatric cardiologists to meet the needs of patients at increased risk. Circulation, 148(Suppl_1). https://doi.org/10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.16805
  5. Meentken, M., Beynum, I., Legerstee, J., Helbing, W., & Utens, E. (2017). Medically related post-traumatic stress in children and adolescents with congenital heart defects. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 5. https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2017.00020
  6. Reddy, S., Polito, A., Staveski, S., & Dalton, H. (2018). A process for academic societies to develop scientific statements and white papers: experience of the pediatric cardiac intensive care society. Cardiology in the Young, 29(2), 174-177. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1047951118002019
  7. Romfh, A., Pluchinotta, F., Porayette, P., Valente, A., & Sanders, S. (2012). Congenital heart defects in adults : a field guide for cardiologists. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology, 01(S8). https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-9880.s8-007Sun, Z. (2023). Patient-specific 3d-printed models in pediatric congenital heart disease. Children, 10(2), 319. https://doi.org/10.3390/children10020319